Summary: In the 1970’s the American philosopher, John Searle devised the thought experiment “The Chinese Room”. Does this work prove that it’s proband, or instead that a computer uses “its” intelligence, and has a mind and conscience? Other philosophers argue the importance of trial and error in finding solutions. This article lists the different stages of development within Artificial Intelligence, such as formal logic, genetic programming, knowledge engineering, fuzzy logic, and finally, the newest breakthrough: “deep learning in neural networks“.
Original Title: Von Ameisen und Übermenschen
Author: Stefan Betschon, Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Language of Article: German
Publishing date: 2015, November 13